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SeeBaby Perinatal FAQs
Amniocentesis is most often used to detect genetic abnormalities, though the results can also reveal the baby’s sex, gauge lung maturity (if done close to term), detect amniotic fluid infections, or diagnose other pregnancy related problems.
Amniocentesis can diagnose or rule out many possible fetal abnormalities. Most often, it’s used to spot common genetic defects (such as Down syndrome) and neural tube defects (such as spina bifida). Amniocentesis is usually performed between 16 to 22 weeks gestation, although it can be done as early as 13 – 14 weeks and beyond 22 weeks gestation.
Chorionic villas sampling (CVS), a similar test is sometimes used to detect many of the same abnormalities. Instead of amniotic fluid, CVS examines placental cells, which are genetically identical to the fetus. Since CVS can be done earlier in the pregnancy (~ 11 – 12 weeks), and since results are available within 48 hours, it may be preferable for women who need earlier answers about their baby’s health. CVS carries a higher risk of miscarriage than amniocentesis, and may increase the risk of limb deformities if performed too early.
Weigh the benefits and risks. If the information provided from either CVS or amniocentesis doesn’t impact on your decision about the pregnancy, the test may add more anxiety than it’s worth. On the other hand, knowing your baby has a problem may allow you to prepare better for his or her birth. One study of mothers who continued pregnancies after learning their babies had Down syndrome showed they were much better able to cope than women who discovered at birth that their babies were affected.
If you decide to proceed with the amniocentesis or CVS, there is no specific preparation needed, except to maintain a relaxed & calm disposition leading up to the day of the procedure and thereafter. After either procedure, patients are typically advised to maintain reduced activities and no heavy lifting for 12 – 24 hours. Prolonged bed rest or absence from work is not necessary.
If a local anesthetic is used, you may feel a stinging sensation for a few seconds. You may also feel slight pain or cramping when the doctor inserts the needle and pressure in your lower abdomen when the fluid is withdrawn. Some women report no pain or discomfort, and find the “anticipation” of the procedure the biggest obstacle.
After the fluid is removed, the fetal cells are grown in a laboratory and then analyzed. Your doctor will get the complete results within 7 -10 days. On occasion a rapid preliminary test result can be obtained in ~ 24 -48 hours.
Additionally the level of alpha-fetoprotein in the amniotic fluid is measured, which may confer certain risk if abnormally elevated (e.g. risk of neural tube defect). Since alpha-fetoprotein does not need to be cultured in the lab, these results are available right away — although a potential problem must be confirmed by subsequent genetic analysis of the amniotic fluid.
- Will be 35 or older when they give birth
- Have a screening test or exam result that indicates a possible birth defect or other problem
- Have had birth defects in previous pregnancies
- Have a family history of genetic disorders
If birth defects run in your family, seek genetic counseling before you have amniocentesis – and if possible, before you get pregnant. You and your partner can have certain blood tests to determine your chances of having a baby with a birth defect. Commonly parental carrier testing for such defects such as Cystic Fibrosis or Sickle Cell anemia may preclude the patient from having an amniocentesis or CVS, pending the results.
HearBaby/ 3D/4D Ultrasound FAQ’s
It is important to note that babies do not always cooperate as desired and we cannot always obtain pictures and video in all dimensions. We encourage you to enjoy the time with your baby whether they are posing like a movie star or hiding like a turtle. We see your baby at that specific moment in time and get to see them in slumber or at their most active.
In order to get the best possible 3D/4D pictures it is recommended that you drink at least 1 liter of water each day starting 2 days prior to your ultrasound and including the day of your ultrasound. Keep in mind you do not have to have a full bladder for the ultrasound scan – you can be comfortable so you can enjoy yourself.
Your actual scan time depends on the package chosen but the extra time allows us to provide adequate time for fetal repositioning to generate your best possible pictures. Please keep in mind that we need to honor our other appointments and may need to reschedule your appointment if you are more than 15 – 20 minutes late.
Of note, 3D/4D ultrasound imaging uses ultrasound energy subject to these same limits and is not a product of increased frequency or “power” levels, but a combination of increased data gathering (listening) by the transducer and software interpretation after data acquisition.
The result is a vast array of benefits without any harm to mother or baby.
Therefore, we do not accept insurance for 3D/4D ultrasound scans; you are responsible for the full payment at the time of your appointment.
We apologize for any inconvenience if the above noted payment options are not possible.
“A Maternal Fetal Medicine specialist is an obstetrician/gynecologist who has completed two to three years of additional training and formal education and clinical experience. MFM specialists have advanced knowledge of the obstetrical, medical, genetic, and surgical complications of pregnancy and their affects on both the mother and the fetus.”
This is a medical technique that is normally used by doctors and nurses during pregnancy, to display 3D images of the baby during the mothers’ pregnancy. It is referred to as a 4D ultrasound when the baby is moving while viewed in 3D. Ultrasound has been used for many years in pregnancy, however the advent of 3D/4D technology, makes the experience more exciting and memorable.
Ultrasound has been around since 1987 and was developed by Olaf von Ramm and Stephen Smith from Duke University. Naturally with advancing technology ultrasounds have changed dramatically, with the advancements from 2D to 3D/4D technology where you can now see all angles of your baby in utero. This is because the new technology scan’s the whole area of the fetus and can make dimensional image changes based on the sectional scans.
Thanks to our 3D/4D technology, now you don’t have to wait until baby is born to feel the joy of seeing him or her for the first time.
Imagine seeing his or her little hands, a stretch, a yawn a kick. Their little mouth moving with their bodies as they change position. If you have never experienced this, it is truly a sight that will help form an extra special bond between you and your baby. Imagine being able to see what your special bundle of joy is really doing inside, even how big they are getting and what they look like.
In fairness, images can vary depending on the position of the baby, amount of fluid present, baby’s gestational age, position, and the mothers’ body habitus.
The 3D/4D ultrasound technology we have at SEE BABY is some of the best equipment in the business, and the environment to experience your baby in is uncompromising. In essence you deserve to “Experience Excellence” during the care and imaging of your baby. Please see our image gallery and review (the soon to be posted) patient experience anecdotes, to get a better sense of what SEE BABY can bring to your pregnancy.
3D ultrasound probe will collect series of fetus images and put them through the process to obtain the 3D images. These images will have the depth (volume) which is called life-like pictures of the fetus. These images will resemble the photos of newborn baby. For 4D Ultrasound, the dimension of time is added, resulting in the movement of the fetus. This newest technology of ultrasound will scan 25 of 3D images continuously per second.
Apart from this, 4D ultrasound also use to detect abnormality of the fetus’ internal organs such as spinal cord and heart, to assist the injection to draw some liquid from the fetus organ as the ultrasound can give the precise and accurate injection point, and to measure the volume of the desired organs such as amniotic sac which will enable doctor to calculate period of pregnancy more precisely, especially when the fetus is not yet noticeable.